Keep in mind that Jesus wasn't a pastor of a church, so this "sermon" was different than the kind of religious messages we hear today. Its name originates from Matthew 5:1-2 that introduces the message and reads, "Seeing the crowds, he went up on the mountain, and when he sat down, his disciples came to him. [18] Various religious and moral thinkers (e.g. The Sermon on the Mount 1 Seeing the crowds, he went up on the mountain, and when he sat down, his disciples came to him. For scholars, it is valuable for understanding both the teaching of Jesus, and the view of Jesus held by Matthew’s author. Jesus delivered this message near the beginning of His ministry and it is the longest of Jesus' sermons recorded in the New Testament. Stassen, Glen H. "The Fourteen Triads of the Sermon on the Mount.". He is a former editor for Christianity Today and LifeWay Christian Resources. The Sermon is set early in the Ministry of Jesus after he has been baptized by John the Baptist in chapter 3 of Matthew's Gospel, gathered his first disciples in chapter 4, and had returned from a long fast and contemplation in the Judaean Desert where he had been tempted by Satan to renounce his spiritual mission and gain worldly riches. It is not the purpose of this article to comment on every section, but … Sermon on the Mount Of the five discourses of Jesus in Matthew, the Sermon on the Mount (chaps. righteousness or way of life. The Sermon on the Mount is recorded in chapters 5-7 in the Book of Matthew.Jesus delivered this message near the beginning of His ministry and it is the longest of Jesus' sermons recorded in the New Testament. For example, he advises turning the other cheek, and to love your enemies, in contrast to taking an eye for an eye. The name and location of the mountain is unstated; the Mount of Beatitudes is the traditional interpretation. The Sermon on the Mount is recorded in the Bible book of Matthew 5-7. Is there such consensus on the location of Jesus' Sermon on the Mount? When Jesus first started preaching, he spoke from a mountainside in front of a large crowd. [7][8], Matthew 5:3–12 discusses the Beatitudes. The Sermon on the Mount is recorded in chapters 5-7 in the Book of Matthew. Some scholars believe that they are the same sermon, while others hold that Jesus frequently preached similar themes in different places. The name and location of the mount… It is the first of the Five Discourses of Matthew and takes place relatively early in the Ministry of Jesus after he has been baptized by John the Baptist, finished his fasting and meditation retreat in the desert, and begun to preach in Galilee. [31][32] The Beatitudes. Jesus sees the multitudes, goes up into the mountain, is followed by his disciples, and begins to preach. [3] It includes some of the best-known teachings of Jesus, such as the Beatitudes, and the widely recited Lord's Prayer. Matthew 7:1–6 deals with judging. There are five remarkable differences between how Luke in chapter 6 relays some of the same teachings of Jesus found in Matthew 5-7. [9] The Greek word most versions of the Gospel render as "blessed," can also be translated "happy" (Matthew 5:3–12 of Young's Literal Translation for an example). Within the discourse on ostentation, Matthew presents an example of correct prayer. Jesus "went up on a mountainside" (5:1) and gathered His core disciples around Him. Jesus’ teaching is not a collection of religious rules to follow. Matthew 5:13–16 presents the metaphors of salt and light. [7], The high ethical standards of the Sermon have been interpreted in a wide variety of ways by different Christian groups and Craig S. Keener states that at least 36 different interpretations regarding the message of the Sermon exist, which he divides into 8 categories of views:[25], While Matthew groups Jesus' teachings into sets of similar material, the same material is scattered when found in Luke. [10], In Christian teachings, the Works of Mercy, which have corporal and spiritual components, have resonated with the theme of the Beatitude for mercy. The Name Falls Mainly on the Plain. Source of spiritual and moral instructions, the Sermon on the Mount is regarded by the Perennial Philosophy "as the quintessence itself of religion". Mathew’s report on the Sermon of the Mound is different than Luke’s in that Matthew’s report is practically three times as long as that of Luke. Jesus attracted a large group of followers even early in His ministry -- sometimes numbering several thousand people. [20] It teaches that God's children are those who act like God. Much of what Bible readers remember from Scripture derives from the Sermon. According to perennialist author Frithjof Schuon, the message of the Sermon is a perfect synthesis of the whole Christian tradition. So, one day while He was traveling near the Sea of Galilee, Jesus decided to speak to His disciples about what it means to follow Him. The Sermon on the Mount (anglicized from the Matthean Vulgate Latin section title: Sermo in monte) is a collection of sayings and teachings of Jesus Christ, which emphasizes his moral teaching found in the Gospel of Matthew (chapters 5, 6, and 7). Jesus condemns those who judge others before first judging themselves: "Judge not, that ye be not judged.". Tradition names the location as a large hill known as Karn Hattin, located near Capernaum along the Sea of Galilee. Indeed much of Matthew 5-7 is Jesus explaining the intent of the Law of God and the fulfillment of it in him. Jesus begins his sermon with nine statements of “Blessing” that paint a picture of what redeemed life in his kingdom looks like. The Sermon on the Mount is generally considered to contain the central tenets of Christian discipleship. Van Voorst, Robert E (2000). [9], In almost all cases the phrases used in the Beatitudes are familiar from an Old Testament context, but in the sermon Jesus gives them new meaning. [8][23][24] Jack Kingsbury and Hans Dieter Betz see the sermon as composed of theological themes, e.g. There is a modern church nearby called the Church of the Beatitudes. Blessed are those who mourn, for they will be comforted. The Sermon is the longest continuous discourse of Jesus found in the New Testament and has been one of the most widely quoted elements of the Canonical Gospels. The Beatitudes (Matthew 5:2-12)"And he opened his mouth and taught them, saying: "Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. [15], In Matthew 6 Jesus condemns doing what would normally be "good works" simply for recognition and not from the heart, such as those of alms (6:1–4), prayer (6:5–15), and fasting (6:16–18). 5-7) is the first, the longest, and the most prominent. The Sermon is brought to its close by Matthew 8:1, which reports that Jesus "came down from the mountain followed by great multitudes". The Lord's prayer (6:9–13) contains parallels to 1 Chronicles 29:10–18. The similarities between the teachings of Buddha and Jesus have been noted.[33]. [10] Together, the Beatitudes present a new set of ideals that focus on love and humility rather than force and mastery; they echo the highest ideals of Jesus' teachings on spirituality and compassion.

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