Different types of texture can be described by the number of parts, harmony, tempo, timbre and rhythm. Required fields are marked *. Composers known for their homophonic work during the Baroque period include Claudio Monteverdi, Antonio Vivaldi, George Frideric Handel, and Johann Sebastian Bach. We can even have rhythmic accompaniment in a monophonic texture, such as clapping or a drum set, as long as there is only one part that has specific pitches – the melody. Source for information on monophony: The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music dictionary. He is currently working as a film composer and writing a book on film music. So the first style I’ve chosen to talk about is Homophonic which is one melody line played at a time but played by multiple instruments, So i have chosen Miley Cyrus The climb ( I know its a bit sad but its a perfect example) as the song starts with the Keyboard/ Piano playing Miley starts to sing and the way she sings isn’t a whole new melody it stays with the melody. Thanks for stopping by and if you have any questions get in touch! An Overview Of The 20th Century Music Era. The terms monophony and polyphony have very straight-forward literal meanings.Monophony means music with a single "part" and a "part" typically means a single vocal melody, but it could mean a single melody on an instrument of one kind or another.Polyphony means music with more than one part, and so this indicates simultaneous notes. In the early 9th century, the organum tradition developed by adding voices in parallel to plainchant melodies. Sung by multiple voices in unison (i.e. In the Early Middle Ages, the earliest Christian songs, called plainchant (a well-known example is Gregorian chant), were monophonic. Poets and composers in the 14th century produced many songs which can be seen as extensions of the Provençal troubador tradition, such as secular monophonic lais and virelais. We view monophony as a single string. But what does that actually mean? Many folk songs and traditional songs are monophonic. As long as there is only one melody, with no different harmonies or melodies, then it is a monophonic texture, no matter how many people are singing or playing that melody. The earliest manuscripts which contain plainsong were written in neumes, a primitive system which recorded only the outline of the melody, and it was not until the 11th century that Guido d'Arezzo invented a more modern musical notation system that the exact notes of the melodies were preserved. For example, Dodecachordon was published by the Swiss Renaissance composer Heinrich Glarean (also Glareanus) and included plainsong or Gregorian chant and monophony. (Gregorian etc. Indian classical music is an ancient musical tradition where monophonic melodies called ragas are played over drones, sometimes accompanied by percussion and other accompaniment. A well-known example is Martin Luther's hymn "Ein feste Burg ist unser Gott" ("A Mighty Fortress Is Our God"), written as a monophonic tune sometime between 1527 and 1529. monophony, monophonic (Gr.). Monophony. in Ancient Gr., early church mus. This is the plainchant version (mode iii) of Pange Lingua sung to its traditional Latin text. If the guitar player then played the exact melody on the guitar at the same time as everyone was singing, that would be monophony again. What is monophony, polyphony, homophony, monody etc.? Program music and Nationalism reached their highest levels of expression during which era: a. Sung by multiple voices in unison (i.e. This can be a solo instrument, like a violin or cello playing a melody on their own, or it could be a solo vocalist singing a song. This example is unique because it has multiple different instruments playing, but because they’re playing the same melody it is still considered monophony. Monophony: This is the simplest type of texture. In music, monophony is the simplest of musical textures, consisting of a melody (or “tune”), typically sung by a single singer or played by a single instrument player (e.g., a flute player) without accompanying harmony or chords. Also, there can be unpitched rhythmic accompaniment (drums or clapping etc) as long as no other pitches are being played or sung. Samuel Chase has been playing music since he was 5 years old, and teaching music since he was 13. Homophony began by appearing in sacred music, replacing polyphony and monophony … In music, monophonic texture is the simplest of the three main types of texture, the other two being homophonic and polyphonic texture. However, before that we should first remember what texture in music even is. the same pitch and rhythm), this music is still considered monophonic. Singing the “ABC’s”, “Mary Had a Little Lamb”, or “Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star” by yourself or with friends and family are all instances of monophony, as are old folk songs like “Swing Low, Sweet Chariot” or “Kumbaya”. There are four types of texture in art: actual, simulated, abstract, and invented texture. Monophony is a musical texture with a single melody line. Mus. Also called monophony, this texture means there can be no separate instruments or voices present – as soon as someone else plays something different at the same time the texture is no longer monophonic. Heterophony It mainly represents how many layers of melody and harmony can be heard at any one time. "Timbre and Texture in Twentieth-Century Music", p. 99, Liber Usualis, Antiphon "O Adonai II: Great Advent Antiphon", crusades article template Music of the Crusades Era. However, if one of them strummed along on a guitar, that would not be monophony anymore. So the first style I’ve chosen to talk about is Homophonic which is one melody line played at a time but played by multiple instruments, So i have chosen Miley Cyrus The climb ( I know its a bit sad but its a perfect example) as the song starts with the Keyboard/ Piano playing Miley starts to sing and the way she sings isn’t a whole new melody it stays with the melody. Homophony began by appearing in sacred music, replacing polyphony and monophony as the dominant form, but spread to secular music, for which it is one of the standard forms today. Monophonic music has only one melodic line, with no harmony or counterpoint. Texture in music is a way to describe the overall quality of a piece of music. According to Ardis Butterfield (1997), monophony "is the dominant mode of the European vernacular genres as well as of Latin song ... in polyphonic works, it remains a central compositional principle."[2].

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