Although religion is an integrative force, it may be disruptive for the society as a whole. /Length 2399 Thus, there are numerous definitions of religion given thinkers according to their own conceptions. Embarrassing experience in my life essay Essay about food ads. They have emphasized sacrifice and forbearance. As the individuals perform rituals collectively their devotion to group ends is enhanced. Religion is a concept that is passed down from generation to generation. The Hindu seeks release from the bondage of Karma, which is the joy or suffering he undergoes as a result of his actions in his life. endobj The Pragmatics of Defining Religion in a Multi-cultural World Dr. Victoria Harrison University of Glasgow This is an archived version of ‘The Pragmatics of Defining Religion in a Multi-cultural World’, published in The International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 59 … Religion not only defines moral expectations for members of the religious group but usually enforces them. Ad. 0 First, organised Christianity plays an important political force in Europe and North America. A large proportion of people in the world today believe in a religion. It is a very ancient institution. According to Thomas F. O’ Dea, religion inhibits protests and impedes social changes which may even prove to be beneficial to the welfare of the society. %%EOF Religious people, on the contrary, pray about something, believing that only God is able to help put their prayers into reality. For example, with the gradual spread of Vaishnavism in chhotanagpur, the Oraons tribe which lives in that region, began to reorganise traditional faith. /Names << /Dests 6 0 R>> One can have religion in one’s private life. Religion in this sense is the organisation of faith which binds human beings to their temporal and transcendental foundation. Those who practice a religion strive to be perfect. The dysfunctions of religion are as follows. To most people religion offers salvation, enlightenment, and a place in heaven. It also inculcated the habit of charity among the people who opened many charitable institutions like hospitals, rest houses, temples to help the needy and the poor. 0000007806 00000 n In addition to positive functions of religion, there are some negative aspects of its social functions. For Marx all that was fundamental in the science of society proceeded from the material and especially the economic sphere. /P 0 This means less emphasis on supernatural power, lack of theological doctrine, and desirability to compromise with religious beliefs and values. A method of salvation is the fifth basic element of religion. /Pages 10 0 R As religious explanation of the universe is gradually substituted by rational scientific explanations and various group activities (such as politics, education, art and music) have been increasingly transferred from ecclesiastical to civil and other non-religious agencies, the conception of God as a power over man and his society loses its importance. Content Filtrations 6. Some of the norms which lose their appropriateness under changed conditions may also be imposed by religion. It is the ultimate source of social cohesion. You're here: Home » English Essay Topics. Besides this, religion shapes domestic, economic and political institutions. But there is the difficulty in finding the other, for it is non-standard, local meaning which, many like to believe, is typically and distinctively Indian or South Asian. /N 3 When human hopes are blighted, when all that was planned and striven for has been swept away, man naturally wants something to console and compensate him. Secularism is taken to mean that one’s religious ideals and beliefs should not interfere in general with social, economic and political field. /MediaBox [-0.0000 -0.0000 612.0000 792.0000] He claims that science not only explained many facts of life and the material environment in a way more satisfactory (than religion), but it also provided confirmation of its explanation in practical results. All the preliterate societies known to us have religion. Through unity with the infinite the self is made majestic and triumphant. /Metadata 12 0 R Thirdly, the greater knowledge of social and physical world which results from the development of physical, biological and social sciences. 0000001262 00000 n But a thing is holy or sacred not because of a peculiar quality of thing. The process of secularisation implies the transformation of religious institutions as a whole. 13 0 obj If there is any trend of decline in any aspect of religion mentioned above, then it is indicative of the process of secularisation.

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