Plagiarism Prevention 4. Copyright 10. Integration comes about when feeling of different race, religion, ethnicity, caste, etc., becomes insignificant and everyone can freely and fully participate in the social, economic and political mainstream. Assimi­lation is a process in which one group (small) takes over the culture and identity of another (larger) group. Multi-cultural societies like India maintain separate identities and try to keep multi-ethnicities, multi-languages, multi-religions, and multi-identities intact. William Fielding OgburnJune 29, 1886 — April 27, 1959William Fielding Ogburn served as President of the American Sociological Society (later changed to Association) in 1929. Home >> Organization and Individual >> Definition of Social Organization. It includes corporations, armies, schools, banks and prisons. After independence, integrationist policy has been adopted in India. The society consists of many such organizations. A state is frequently called a political organization. It is thus different from the concept of assimilation in which different groups (religious, racial or ethnic) submerge their identity to make a homogenous society. When we apply this view to society, it only means that different constituent groups that make the society do not lose their identity. According to this view, a variety of cultural groups can and do exist in a society (say, Indian society) within a common legal and democratic framework. In assimilation, a person forsakes his or her own cultural traditions and forgets his/her own history to become part of a different culture. On the other hand, in integration, complete elimi­nation of differences is not sought for. Social planning is the most effective method of achieving integration in a complex and rapidly changing society like India. Assimilationists consider that minority groups (generally immigrants) should adopt themselves to the dominant culture of the society. Privacy Policy 8. In such societies, integration can be achieved only in a limited way as we see in our country. How various elements of society are held together, and how they integrate with each other. A small number of men constituting themselves as a government can rule a country. Integration, literally, means to make up whole out of parts. Sometimes the word organization is used to refer to the associational groups. Different groups can keep their identity intact while adjusting with other groups. For this purpose, programmes of social planning are to be launched. Such people in cricket game expect that a true ‘Indian’ person would support the Indian team rather than say, the Pakistan team. Whereas an assimilationist seeks to eliminate ethnic or racial boundaries, pluralist (integrationist) wants to retain them. We can designate these two views as ‘Indo-conformity’ process and ‘melting pot’ process. educational organization and so on. But society is also quite generally an organized group of interacting individuals. Ogburn and Nimkoff (1958) observed ‘Integration is a process of creating a single unit by joining different parts.’ In other words, integration is a process of establishing unity between the constituent parts of a structure which though different have organization in their relationships. To attain integration in such societies, the old principle of ‘live and let live’ is to be followed. In sociology organization (or organisation) is understood as planned, coordinated and According to H.M Johnson, organization refers to an aspect of interaction systems. A role is, as Ogburn and Nimkoff say, “a set of socially expected and approved behavior patterns, consisting of both duties and privileges associated with a particular position in a group.” Role is “the behavioural enacting of the patterned expectations attributed to that position,” In role performance, the emphasis is on quality. Melting pot process represents the integrationist view in which each group contributes a bit of its own culture and absorbs aspects of other cultures such that the whole is a combination of all groups. From a functionalist perspective, the common identity and social integration fostered by education contribute to societal stability and consensus. Eliott and Merrill says, organization is a state of being, a condition in which the various institutions in a society are functioning in accordance with their recognized or implied purposes. Content Guidelines 2. Assimilation involves merging of one group (subordinate) into the other (dominant) group. Definition of Social Organization. The main aim of integration is to maintain a harmonious and active relationship between different social and cultural groups or various structural components of society. According to Ogburn and Nimkoff entire society represents a wider organization; a social organization. Thus, integration is more than collection of parts. Education serves the latent function of promoting social and political integration by transforming a population composed of diverse racial, ethnic, caste, and religious groups into a society whose members share—to some extent—at least a common identity (Touraine, 1974). In this connection, Gillin and Gillin (1948) aptly remarked: ‘Integration is organi­zation, rather than homogeneity.’ It does not preclude differences between different parts altogether. This is a very complex process and hardly any society reaches the stage of total assimilation. Pluralists argue that groups can co-exist by accepting their differences. Image Guidelines 5. Prohibited Content 3. It presupposes diversities and the idea is to bind the parts together. Organization makes possible the complex activities in which the members of a complex society participate.

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