Derivation of Verbal Nouns: The Good News. il-kitāb da "this book", il-bint i … a. Arabic nouns that are inflected to display grammatical relations other than the main form. And each trilateral Arabic root can theoretically be transformed into one of fifteen possible verb forms (الأوزان, al-awzaan). This post explains the basic forms of the noun in Arabic. It focuses on the inflected noun forms and discusses the singular, dual and plural formation as well as case representation. Masculine sound plural nouns end in ون and feminine sound plural nouns end in ات. 1. Thanks. Fundamental » All languages » Arabic » Non-lemma forms » Noun forms. => جَلَساتٌ [djalasaatun] pl. Move on to form IV (page 61). Feminine Form: The most common feminine form is the تاء مَرْبُوطَة , ة [taa’ marbooTa] (tied or attached “t”) form, which is the usual feminine ending. Masculine Form: All nouns are considered masculine unless they have a feminine ending. Over 200 Arabic words that you can assimilate effortlessly. The gender الجِنْس of noun الاِسْم in Arabic is either masculine مُذَكَّر or feminine مُؤَّنَّث. تَرتيبٌ [tarteebun] sgl. Such words, generally, fall in the following categories: a. Geographical names, that is towns, villages, countries, etc. Arabic Nouns. There are many different patterns for the formation of the broken plurals. teachers (singular مُعَلِّمٌ [mu3allimun]), مُعَلِّمينَ [mu3allimeena] accusative/genitive, المُعَلِّمونَ [al-mu3allimoona] nominative, المُعَلِّمينَ [al-mu3allimeena] accusative/genitive. Your email address will not be published. The verbal nouns for the overwhelming majority of derived verbs (Forms … This paper studies the Morphological analysis and processing of noun forms in Arabic language. ناس ج. Arabic Verbs Made Easy with Effort Ghalib Al-Hakkak ... Move on to derivated or "increased" forms (ديزملا لعفلا) of strong verbs in this order: forms II and V (pages 53 and 71), then III and VI (pages 57 and 75), then VII and VIII (pages 79 and 87), then X (page 97). For example: ﺮﹸﻤﹶﻘﹶﹾﻟﹶﺍ/ Al-qamaru 9 All rights reserved. However, in determining the gender of a word of such forms, it is advisable to consult the dictionary because of the frequency of exceptions. The sound feminine plural is formed by adding ات [aat] to the singular. Is the word “tin”(figs) also a collective noun meaning fig or figs? In English we might borrow the Arabic terminology and call boy/boys, a sound or external plural, and man/men, mouse/mice, goose/geese, a broken plural. Every noun in Arabic must be either masculine or feminine. The less common feminine forms are ألِف مَقْصُورَة , ى [alif maqSoora] and Various forms of the demonstrative pronouns occur, usually shorter than the Classical forms. Plural: The Arabic plural forms are usually treated under two large headings with a number of irregularities under each, i.e., “sound” (or external) plurals and “broken” (or internal) plurals. What about the dual of the nouns ending with hamza (ء) or any of the long vowels (ا),(ى) and (و)? 1. When attaching either of these two endings to a noun, the last consonant of that noun will always take the َ , فَتْحة [fatHa] vowel. Thus a diphthong is developed in pronouncing this ending with the last consonant. they involve a specific transformation applied to a root or word of a specific form, and cannot be arbitrarily combined or repeated to form longer and longer words. In Arabic, there are two types of noun and adjective plural forms: sound (regular) plurals, and broken (irregular) plurals. Sound Masculine Plural: This plural is used only when referring to rational male beings. المُعَلِّمةُ [al-mu3allimatu] sgl. The only real concatenative derivational process is the nisba adjective -iyy-, which can be added to any noun (or even other adjective) to form an adjective meaning "related to X", and nominalized with the meaning "person r… Here are some examples: Notice the structure of the Nouns in Arabic. The Arabic Relative Pronouns have different forms for singular, dual and plural as well as for masculine and feminine. Practice with Broken Plurals. Child/children would be quite irregular by any standard since there is internal change from “long” to short “I” and an absolutely unique “ren” as external ending. This is the biggest Arabic tattoos collection around. All of them fall into three types mainly: The combination of any two of these types is also common. "A Relative Pronoun is a noun which refers or relates to some noun preceding it". There is no neuter. In this section we will study the derivation and some of the uses of the verbal noun in Arabic. b. => المُعَلِّماتُ [al-mu3allimaatu] pl. Hence these nouns and adjectives may be called “rational masculine المَذْكورالعاقِل [al-madhkoor al-3aaqil]”. This is a rare occurrence; an example is given below: إِنْسان ج. => بَناتٌ [banaatun] pl. There is no neuter. A number of derivationalprocesses exist for forming new nouns and adjectives. Wind ريح reeh is feminine even if it’s not ending with a “taa’ marbuta”. Such nouns are known in the Arabic grammar as “إسْم الجَمْع [ism djam3] noun of plural” or “collective noun”. Dual: In Arabic, the dual is indicated by two endings: b. Egyptian Arabic is unusual in that the demonstrative follows the noun, e.g. These endings are used to indicate the dual only among nouns (including adjectives). If you say “I love reading Arabic books” you have made “reading” the direct object. بِنْتٌ [bintun] sgl. For each of the following singulars, use a dictionary to find all the plural forms. This category has the following 2 subcategories, out of 2 total. I would really appreciate it. 4. غُرفَتينِ [ghurfatayni] accusative/genitive. Sound Feminine Plural: This is the basic form of the plural for feminine nouns and adjectives whether referring to rational or irrational, animate or inanimate beings or objects. تاء مَرْبُوطَة ة [taa’ marbooTa]” as a suffix. The plural, whether external or internal, should be learned with each new noun. Which design will you choose? Parts of the human body that occur in pairs such as يَد [yad] “hand” and عَيْن [a3yn] “eye”. Nouns are usually the most important part of vocabulary. In the sound plural, the basic word remains intact, but an ending is added. A definite Arabic noun has six types namely: Proper Noun اَلْعَلَمُ , Pronouns اَلضَّمَائِرُ , already partially covered in ( Lesson 4 & Lesson 10 , Lesson 14 , Lesson 15 , Lesson 16 , Lesson 18 ) ألِف هَمْزَة , اء [alif hamza]. In a sentence, it functions as a subject (of verbal and nominal sentences) or an object (of a verb and a preposition). مُعَلِّمةٌ [mu3allimatun] sgl. Are there any academic articles that explain what is above? Your email address will not be published. The Sound Feminine Plural will take a /Damma/ (u) for the nominative case, and a /kasra/ (i) for the accusative and genitive cases. => البَناتُ [al-banaatu] pl. Copyright (c) ArabicGenie.com. Keep up the good work! There are certain words which are considered feminine by convention. In this category, there are a few words which may be either feminine or masculine such as طَريق [Tareeq] “road”, سِكّين [sikkeen] “knife”, or سوق [sooq] “market”. There are, however, a few nouns which may be considered either masculine or feminine. تاء مَرْبُوطَة [taa’ marbooTa] is added to masculine nouns and adjectives to make them feminine. بِكَم تَبيعُ هذا العِنَبَ [bikam tabee3 haadha al-3inab], The singular form is, generally, derived from such nouns by adding. The Noun الاِسْم al-ism stands for something that can be concrete or abstract. b. Arabic Plurals may themselves be pluralized.
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